Jack MA is the Tech Giants of China (and the world). Jack started Alibaba group in 1999 from a unique background as an English teacher, and over last 15 years, he and team created an Internet empire and an ecosystem to enable small merchants. Alibaba is the eBay and Amazon of China.
With almost perfect English, Jack sets an example as a Chinese entrepreneur who can present in English just as well as in Chinese. Check out Jack’s inspiring talks here:
Jeff Bezos founded online bookstore Amazon.com in 1994 after leaving a “good job” in a quantitative trading firm on Wall Street.10 years later, Jeff Bezos and Amazon have revolutionized the way we read, shop and compute.
Bezos studied Computer Science at Princeton and worked in finance for almost a decade before “taking a risk” to start Amazon. In the spring of 1994, Bezos saw the unusually rapid growth (2300%/year) of the web usage and his conviction of how this rapid growth will be everywhere in the future. He made a list of 20 products (business plans) that can ride with this wave, and looks for the first best product to sell online- books, millions of books (more of books than any other category), and how technology can help categorize books online.
Full Amazon Story by Jeff Bezos can be found here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YlgkfOr_GLY
How did Bezos decide to leave high-paying wall street job to start his own venture ? Bezos recommends Risk Minimization Model ”minimizing life regrets” then everything else is secondary.
When people ask what Amazon is, Bezos responds by highlighting the mission of Amazon “Earth’s most consumer-centric company”. In Bezos’ words,” take care of customers = take care of shareholders" and that "Missionary’s make better products”.
One example Bezos gives is Sony’s founder who wanted to “make Japan known for quality, instead of making SONY known for quality”. He chose a mission for SONY that was bigger than SONY.
Similarly for Amazon, Bezos’ vision is to have other companies look at Amazon, see it as a standard bearer of obsessive focus on customers instead of focus on competitors ( take long term view point on things).
I keep 4 tumblrs (include this one) and there seems no reason to not paint Tumblr’s David Karp as it had made short-form blogging possible and social, and facilitated an amazing community of creators.
Here is the time lapse progress of david portrait painting:
My heart is still pounding while writing this blog post - both by the energetic talk from the founder of my fav local discovery app foursquare & the honor that Prof. Coleman kindly introduced me to Dens in front of the #DigitalMediaInnovation Class (as a self-claimed “Hashtag Project Ninja”, I love how the class itself has a hashtag)
1. foursquare - an app that empowers my truly local experience & #CoffeeLoveProject
In my previous post about foursquare, I wrote about how this app has changed my experience as a New Yorker for the last 1.5 years.
Today, with Dens in class, I was able to ask him in person 2 comments in my previous analysis of foursquare.
(1). “foursquare tip” vs. “Yelp review”
I am a user of both apps, but have felt strongly that “Tip” provides users a different context and incentive than “Review”. According to Dens, people tend to leave “Tip” that are useful information and easier to write if it’s a few sentences than 6 paragraphs. There are as many 4sq tips as Yelp reviews.
As I write both 4sq Tips & Yelp Reviews, I personally really like the mobile user engagement around tips that 4sq provides. Once in a while, I get a notification saying someone “liked” or “saved” my tip. That small notification sometimes makes my day a little better ;)
(2). how to convince first time users?
I had an interesting encounter convincing a techie friend to use foursquare by finding the “hook” about how foursquare could keep memory of places for him (he will be travelling around America this year).
2. Painting from photo vs. Meeting Dennis in class:
2.1 How the meeting come together
Painting from photo and listening to interviews is always different from hearing someone talk in person, especially someone as passionate and energetic as Dennis.
Previously, I had run into Dennis on the street at SXSW and again in the same elevator at TCDisrupt NY. I received a foursquare T-shirt from SXSW - as Dennis is speaking at Prof. Coleman’s class today, I thought it would be appropriate to wear the foursquare t-shirt as a “Super User”.
I brought the painting with me to class (of course, in a green Metropolitan Museum of Art bag - a check-in special offer from 4sq) and sat at the front row. In fact, for most of my HighLine display, this Met bag has been accompanying me everywhere to hold all the paintings. Last week, I ran the idea of getting Dennis sign the painting by Prof. Coleman and he said “Yes. He will like it.”
2.2 Dens’ Startup Life “like roller coaster inside roller coster “
So the class begins, and most of content are off-record. Below are some observations and take-away lessons that I can share.
Prof. Coleman started the class with his own special experience enabled by a foursquare check-in, which led to magic meetings in Brazil with his former student and story kept unfolding.
After listening to many interviews, I have come cross few people with as much energy as Dens & when he talks, we all can feel how much he believes in what he is building. Dens advises the class that as a founder, one needs to persevere - “if you read comment section of press, it can be full of hating, but at one point, you need to tell yourself:
"I got this idea, I feel very passionate about it, I will keep building it out until i prove to myself it is a stupid idea. Don’t let other people tell you that it will not work.”
When Prof. Coleman asked Dens to provide tips on trial & error for students, below are a few useful quotes：
"Be so passionate about seeing this ‘one thing’ realize in the real world (can’t imagine without the world without it)"
"Be prepared for people to tell you this is the worst idea i’ve ever heard."
2.3 A few key moments
Besides advice on startups, Dens also reflected back when he first had the realization that 4sq could work - in fact, those moments come from using the app.
(1) Epiphany in East Village
Back in early days in 2009, Dens went to East Village Tavern (10th & ave C) and received a tip
If you ask the bar tender nicely, he would show you the secret place where he stores the good beer.
“Wow. What if we could bring this level of local knowledge to people —> this would be huge." Dens thought.
(2) the seed of Merchant Program
How did merchant program originate? In fact, a user - owners of Marsh Cafe in SF may have inspired it. Marsh Cafe put foursquare check-in promotion, and a Flickr photo came to Dens’ way. After conversations with the owners, Dens learned this was working well. Then is the rest of the story. You can read about it here.
2.4 Company Communications - “Snippets”
When asked about examples of company communications, Dens explains “Snippets” - a Monday morning company-wide newsletter on what everyone is psyched about; stressed about; and working on.” This is one way to be as transparent as possible.
3. Prof. Coleman’s Surprise
I was excited to ask Dens questions on my mind as a super user. Little did I know that Prof. Coleman took the opportunity after my question and told the class about my painting.
"This super user also has brought something special to class. A painting of yours that she hopes you to sign." Thank you Prof. Coleman.
4. My 4sq enabled local explorations in visual collages
As mentioned before, foursquare has enabled me to live like a local.
(1) Before going to a city, I will look through different lists that people save, places friends have gone to, so that I have a sense of places to check out in a new city - for example, on my way to New Haven, I “studied” on 4sq all the good spots to check out. Here is my blog post about Pizza Marathon in New Haven (photo below the famed Frank Pepe Pizza)
(2) While in a new city/neighborhood, I open my 4sq app while walking on the street to see where are the “Best” nearby. In fact, in Chicago, I stumbled upon “Alliance Bakery" on my way to Caffe Streets for #CoffeeLoveProject in Wicker Park area. (Blog post of Chicago Coffee Exploration here). Without 4sq, I would have missed this local favorite.
I brought my collage boards to Dens and he liked them. Below are some boards:
Ma’velous (SF) barista Prestin, who helped open several coffee shops in NYC, looking at NYC CoffeeLoveProject Collage & says “this brings back memory”.
#CoffeeLoveCrawl in Wayside Cafe, East VIllage NYC with 3 types of pour-over demo from barista Miguel (@pourover_rios)
SF CoffeeLoveProject Collage Board: Chicago CoffeeLoveProject Board:
At Heritage Bicycle in Chicago with manager Adam:
NYC Healthy Food Collage:
1. “Like a Christmas Gift” - Debuting #Techgiants Art Project at Sequoia Start @ a Startup Conference
After working on #techgiants art project for 100 days inspired by Drew’s MIT Commencement Speech, I was excited for my own ‘product launch” – displaying 15 paintings at Sequoia Capital Start @ a Startup Conference in collaboration with Princeton University Business Today in NYC on Oct 5-6, 2013.
Back in August, when I received the approval to display the paintings at sequoiacapital conference’s Networking Reception taking place in Oct, it was like receiving my Christmas gift early. It provided me with the fuel to stay up many nights until 4am to meet weekly targets. At times, I wish I did not have a day job so that I could have done more painting, but an analogy came to mind is bootstrapping - when we have limited resources to work with, we learn to be more efficient and make the most of the time we have. That also galvanized me to develop Minimal Viable Painting (MVP) agile painting method to crowd-source feedback and iterate. See blog post on MVP here and a video explanation below.
This opportunity to debut Techgiants Paintings means a lot to me because Drew Houston inspired me to start this art project (“gave me enough kick” to follow my own passion in art and startup). In addition, as a big fan of sharing economy pioneer airbnb, I was excited that Nate, CTO of Airbnb, is also speaking and I had done a painting of him as well.
As meeting with Drew itself was part serendipity and part planning, I thought it would be worthwhile to document.
2. “The Bad” - Revising Painting and Missing Keynote
2.1 Painting Style Evolves = To Revise or Not?
My first #techgiants portrait on 6/30/2013 was Drew Houston. Since then, my painting style has evolved from German Expressionism style (rougher color and strokes), to smoother-more realistic portraits that strike for a balance between likeness and liveness (see Airbnb co-founders portraits here) .
As my painting style evolved, I had struggled for a while on whether to revise Drew and Dennis Crowley of foursquare's paintings because as artworks, these two paintings belong to a different style than my later paintings. My typical paint style is to leave white canvass instead of using white color. Therefore, in earlier stage, i used the canvass white as the skin color, but I realized that skin color has more pink and yellow in it to carry out the spirit. Here I am making a bold analogy of art work & startup products - my struggle of 2 styles of paintings may resemble different stages of startups -to make a decision between two distinct styles that both have merits.
2.2 Revise Painting
Two days before the conference, I decided to revise Drew’s painting for likeness and to weave his MIT Commencement Speech message of “tennis ball, circle of 5, and 30,000 days" into the painting.
Below is the image I based the painting off and when painting, I use a photo and listen to the #techgiants’ interview (in this case, 2013 MIT Commencement Speech). I limit myself to 4-5 colors and use blue, red, yellow and white. Since the image has green hue, I added green.
I also had a feeling that as Dropbox is a sponsor of the conference , perhaps there may be an opportunity to see him around. I remember Drew was walking around TCdisrupt SF - i gathered he may have low key personality and more approachable than some other high profile entrepreneurs.
3. “The Good” - Meeting Drew and Getting Signature
I sat at the back of Dropbox seminar run by early employee Albert Ni (whose presentation is one of the best I’ve seen because it touches upon “the good, the bad and the ugly” of start ups and give a comprehensive perspective of what working in a startup is like)
Shortly after I sat down, Drew walked in the room and sat one meter away from me. $&%*($)!*$*@%??!!!
I gave Drew the painting gently without making any noise - he smiled and said “thank you”. Perhaps he was as surprised as me. Little did I know that the boy sitting next to me is a professional photographer and he captured the precious moment below.
"Good luck is a product of good planning - it’s not so much that people are lucky; its that they are prepared to recognize fortune in situations and act on them immediately. "
Jack Dorsey, Startup School 2013
After the talk, I waited to say hi to Drew. Part of this project is to meet the techgiants I paint (based on photo wile listening to their interviews) - meeting them in person helps me to capture their personality to revise the painting.
With Twitter, everyone can join a “dinner conversation” and be informed of what happens around the world. With Square, a mom-and-pop store no longer needs to turn away customers without cash in their wallet. What I just described is simply tip of the iceberg of the Twitter and Square revolutions.
Interestingly, in an age where many are rushing to be an “entrepreneur” and “founder” is a sexy title, Jack never wanted to be an entrepreneur /founder growing up. Jack has been a coder, spent a lot of time thinking, and was fascinated by maps, trains and the gold gate bridge (that it never falls and people who cross it only need to think about point B without worrying about its falling).
In fact, at age of 14, Jack’s first employer was her mom, and he made cappuccino in her mom’s coffee shop in Missouri. At age of 15, Jack coded for a local glass artisan Jim McKelvey, who later Jack founded Square to solve Jim’s dilemma of not able to receive credit card payments.
(A Golden Gate Bridge model is on a wooden desk with Squares, and a Rothko No. 8 color block with reflection of Square logo in addition to the Square carpets - such high attention to detail in the office design carries a lot about a company’s philosophy)
In an interview, Jack crystalized what a “founder” really means
“A founder is not a job. It’s a role. It’s an attitude. It’s something that can happen again and again and again.” Jack talked about how a company can have multiple founding moments.
To me, this view is important to share and corrects the black and white “founder” definition of a company. At the same time, it signals to me that Jack strives to stay humble and distribute credits to those who deserve. In his Stanford GSB talk, he talked about how Twitter product kept improving because the team listened and observed the users, and made it better and better.
In Nov 2011, Princeton TigerTrek group visited Square HQ and I had a chance to listen to Jack in person.
Take a look the carefully arranged Squares in this conference room.
The original painting I based off and the different versions:
(1) I noticed that Jack used the photo below for his Twitter profile picture for a while, which might be a good picture to use to paint. In this photo, Jack’s pose suggests that he is thinking and his intense gaze conveys a sense of deep thought and somewhat melancholy. It seems as if a genius idea is under development.
(2) Below I applied a filter to my original painting to show consistent color scheme with the photo I used.
(3) After finishing the first draft, I posted on WeChat moments to ask for feedback. I then changed the mouth and the hand, and added logos of Twitter and Square.
In Fall 2011, during Princeton TigerTrek trip to Silicon Valley organized by Taylor, our group visited Tesla factory and saw the upcoming new model.
From Dec 2011 to April 2012, I spent a few months writing a thesis on Third Party Financing based on SolarCity’s model.
Thesis here: https://www.dropbox.com/s/ktlv2p1usc3b8x8/Solar%20Third%20Party%20Financing_ZHENG_Chenyu.pdf
Thesis Abstract below:
Third Party Financing and Residential Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Adoption Rates in California and New Jersey
Chenyu Zheng, Princeton University, Class of 2012
Thesis Advisor: Prof. Smita Brunnermeier (Economics)
By 2010, the rapidly expanding solar photovoltaic (PV) industry had already eclipsed the $50 billion global advertising industry. In 2011, PV installations in the United States across all sectors grew 109% over 2010. The advancement of PV industry can be attributed to the ongoing price reduction of PV modules, subsidies such as tax credits and rebates, and government policies, including renewable portfolio standards (RPS). Yet, the most critical driver of solar’s success in residential sector is not subsidies, which is declining, but the emerging third party financing (TPF) model, in which third party companies own PV systems and sell the electricity output to building occupants. TPF removes the high upfront cost of PV systems, reduces technology risk and inconvenience (such as panel maintenance), and often generates utility bill savings from day one. These advantages can help solar PV penetrate the residential sector - the last frontier for solar to conquer. Through running OLS regressions controlling for demographic and solar PV characterization variables, this empirical study analyzes how TPF has affected total PV adoption rate and customer-owned PV adoption rate in residential sector in California and New Jersey between 2007 and 2011. With 99% confidence level, the results confirm that TPF model does positively expand the residential solar PV market, but moderately cannibalize customer-owned PV demand. This phenomenon could result from a combination of the aforementioned benefits of third party financing as well as the fact that some customers who would have bought PV systems on cash now prefer a prepaid third-party lease to monetize depreciation of PV systems. The policy implications include a justification for laws that remove barriers to TPF such as high permitting fees, provide support for other financing options (such as PACE programs), enable TPF awareness campaigns, and facilitate a market for securitization of solar assets. Further studies can explore other major TPF states such as Arizona and Colorado, and look into FICO score issue raised should there be data available.
Keywords: solar photovoltaic (PV), residential, third party financing (TPF), third party ownership (TPO), solar leasing, PV adoption barriers, incentives
In Summer 2012, I visited Tesla NYC show room in Chelsea @Green Drinks event.
As I studied Environmental Studies and since 2010 have been involved with Joint US China Collaboration on Clean Energy (JUCCCE), a non-profit accelerating the greening of China, solar adoption and electric cars are both areas that I and JUCCCE are passionate about. During our spring mayoral training course, we brought our class participants to Shanghai Energy Park to test drive electric cars of all sizes.
I heard Tesla will be coming to China, I hope one day Tesla and JUCCCE have overlap.
Below is the evolving painting during different stages.
Step 1 - study proportions of different portraits, and outline
Step 2 First Finish - the strokes in the left face is a bit too heavy
Step 3 I posted the draft on WeChat moments and got 17 comments from friends on where I can improve.
I have not had a chance to meet Marissa although I had listened to her many interviews and we were once in the same elevator. What have left me a long lasting impression is that during Crunchies Award, Yahoo! was a major sponsor and for the whole night, Marissa was standing at the Yahoo! booth and responding to various requests from the crowd.
I thought it was incredible! Can you imagine the CEO of a large internet company to make him/herself so available ? I think it was an important message that Marissa set forward.
For this painting, I measured the proportions before painting.
I later fixed the width of the neck. I like the red color in Marissa’s photo
While painting Nate, I listened to a recent TechCrunch Founder Stories' , in which Michael Abbott interviewed Nate. As CTO,Nate seems to appear in public interviews more than CTOs of some other companies. This signals to me a positive founder dynamics.
On another note, I just came back from a weekend trip to Chicago where I stayed with Airbnb, and tried to relate all key moments in my travel with Airbnb. As I have an Airbnb magnet, I decided to take photos with Airbnb at different parts of my travel (#TravelLikeAHuman) and brainstorm how Airbnb is part of making those moments enjoyable and smooth. http://startupbug.tumblr.com/post/56196993364/airbnb
Update on 9/10/2013
At Airbnb HQ, I ran into Brian and he looked at the paintings of the 3 co-founders and commented that he liked Nate’s most. Specifically, Brian’s comments shed insights for me to improve the paintings “I love the lighting on Nate’s face.” It was like a light bulb went on in my mind - I now make the faces smoother.
Update on 10/28/2013
On Oct 6th, I had a chance to meet Nate in person in NYC and was struck by how tall he is. Nate kindly signed my painting. One fact that I deeply appreciate from communicating with Nate is that he writes back at the right timing. I thought it is incredible given his busy schedule, and that he would remember an email from me.
On 10/19, Nate gave a talk at Startup School that he passed on not only inspiration but practical tips from building Airbnb.
See Notes prepared by Startup School participants here.
“You’re going to fail more times than you’ll succeed. You need to persevere.”
Below is how the painting evolves. I finished this painting in a couple settings, and thus had chance to step back and see areas to fix.
Step 1 - Outline, as you can see on the pictures I printed out, I did a proportion measurement with pen (I find it quite helpful)
Step 2 - Filling in color
Step 3 - Completed Painting
Revised version after getting feedback from Brian that he liked the color on the face.
Sam is the architect behind Timeline. Before Facebook, he ran a cloud-based file sharing service called Drop.io. The impression I got from the hour long group meeting was that Sam has so much wisdom.
This post shares a few pearls of wisdom that I learned on Ownership, Identity & Product Management .
I remember asking Sam about China market for Facebook - he responded that a country with such huge population and online users cannot be ignored.
After the TigerTrek trip - as an avid FB user and a believer in making the world more open & connected, I developed thoughts about certain Facebook feature, and decided to email Sam. Given how busy Sam’s schedule must be, I did not expect a response. But to my surprise, I received a (1) (2) (3) point-by-point response, succinct and easy to navigate through.
Since TigerTrek, I have exchanged a few emails with Sam and every time, I find myself learning new things and think beyond what I am used to.
As an Economics major, what Sam made me realize is how Economics theory can help analyze disruptive ideas empowered by technology - for example, costs & benefit analysis of sharing economy, i.e. how owning things will become an inferior good.
Here are two TEDx talks by Sam that I recommend if you are interested in the future of identity and sharing economy.
TEDx Constitutional Drive:here Bending Time
TEDx East here: The End of Ownership - really eye-opening
In his TEDx talk about the “end of ownership”, Sam mentioned the phenomenon in NYC that once it rains, there is umbrella salesman in every street corner. I experienced this in real life when I was walking down St. Marks Place in East Village in the pouring rain, and I couldn’t help but notice a myriad of sounds around me “umbrella, umbrella 1 dollar 1 dollar”
On Ownership: Below are some notes that I took
Pros: (1)on demand use (2)appreciation
Cons: (1) Maintainance (2) oppo cost
Ownership = buy use &future appreciation
sell liquidity &option value
"Ownership" is no longer a privilege, but inferior good
We gain more utility when moving away from owning
- Renting doesn’t change the rule of play , but only cost structure
- if one can afford /have credit, we should pay someone else to own thing for us
- Get rid of laws/regulation that encourage ownership , they are antiquated
- Encourage competition,because tendency towards consolidation
Our Generation = Hacker Generation à contribution in ‘social’ space; what will happen:
1. Info will tend to cluster and centralize
2. We will share a lot more about ourselves
3. We will be locals everywhere
4. Cost structures will variablize and ownership will become an inferior goods
5. Social Capital will get ever more fungible
On Product Management, the advice from Sam is that :
(1) spend a lot of time with our products and those of other related companies / develop opinions about what we are doing well and poorly, and strategically what we should focus on
(2) spend time thinking about how you would design and implement specific feature ideas in detail
(3) get a familiarity with ballpark math around our system…. e.g. How would you estimate how many photos are uploaded to Facebook every day, how much storage is that, etc.
Overall, Sam is one of the techgiants that I look up to and learning much, even from a distance. His name may not be as well known at the moment, but he is certainly a tech giant of our age.
Note: in this painting, I experimented not using any white paint, but leave white space during painting. I also did not have the original space to paint, so that I hang the panel on mirror and painted - putting surrounding material into good usage.
[Step 1] First draft - somehow the face should have been narrower.
[Step 2] Gathering feedback, revise the shape of face
[Step 3] Revised - note no white color was used in this painting. (my first experiment)
Sheryl spoke at my company during the book launch. As I am very sensitive to colors, Sheryl’s cobalt blue dress left an impression on me. I also have listened to Sheryl’s HBS Commencement Speech last year, and remember the cobalt blue. I started to wonder what the “cobalt blue” say ?
I especially like the quote that Eric Schmidt told Sheryl when she was deciding between Google and other options “If you are offered a seat on a rocket ship, don’t ask what seat! Just get on." It reminds me of Reid Hoffman’s quote on taking intelligent risks.
After reading and following Sheryl’s LeanIn.org, I started to hear a voice reminding myself “What would you do if you were not afraid?”
See more on leanin.org
[Step 1] Outline and get proportions ( as you can tell, the forehead proportion is a bit small in the sketch)
[Step 2] Fill in color and first draft - does not quite look like Sheryl
After this first version, I posted in my WeChat moments asking for feedback from friends. I find that it may be similar that you build a MVP and get out to customers, then incorporate feedback.
[Step 3] After gathering feedback, I had 20 min in the morning before heading to work so i tried to make changes. I found the eyes look more like Sheryl’s.
[Step 4] Revision and Revision
This post covers reflection on painting Zuck twice - first time side profile, 2nd time front profile. I must admit that I am not as comfortable with side portraiture, which is an area that I need to improve.
For the first painting I did for #zuck, I made an “error” in initial sketch that I did not fit in the whole head in the canvass. It was also the first time I did side portrait for a while. On the other hand, as Zuck is such a publicly recognizable figure, I had set the standards high coming into the painting - when one is constraint by self-fear, the painting does not come as natural.
I decided to work on a second painting last night. I gave myself a 2 hour timeline to get as much done as possible without worrying being perfect - which I fondly call “minimal viable painting”.
Then, I step back,take some photos, and ask people for feedback. I tend to be in a hurry, but when I take the time to step back and observe and compare, I see areas to improve.
For paintings, sometimes details are tricky and can make a big difference in likeness. Also, when I stare at a painting for over 2 hours, I do not see areas to tweak. But if someone comes with a pair of fresh eyes, he or she often can tell me issues, such as the face is too long, the shadow is not right, or that the face is too narrow.
Below are the progression of the painting:
You may have noticed that the nose is a bit off, and the jaw line is too dark.This is when I stopped after 2 hours, and stepped back to observe.
In early morning, I spent 20 mins to fix the nose below and posted the image on WeChat to gather feedback from friends.
I restarted tonight to finish the painting.
Revisit the mission of Facebook:
Our mission is to make the world more open and connected. We do this by giving people the power to share whatever they want and be connected to whoever they want, no matter where they are.
More quotes from Zuck can be found here.
My first visit to Facebook was during fall 2011 TigerTrek, organized by Taylor Francis, during which we visited 30 startups and VCs in fall week. That was one of the most inspiring weeks of my life. We visited Sam Lessin at the Palo Alto HQ.
I later visited the New York and Menlo Park offices, both really fun environment and serve delicious food. The Menlo Park campus is huge and has a Philz Coffee onsite with ice cream , bike shop, barber shop etc.
Reflection from painting:
It has been a while since a paint a side portrait where the photographer is looking up. I found this more challenging to paint then a front portrait. Also in early sketching, I could have better planned the proportions to show the whole head, which might look closer to Zuck. I plan to do a front portrait of Zuck later.
[Step 1] Outline
[Step 2] Coloring
[Step 3] Midway check
I then uploaded to instagram with inkwell filter - because I am not too satisfied with the proportions in this painting.